Those of us advocating for changes in global and national policies on food and agriculture just got some good news. The UN Human Rights Council just renewed for another three years the mandate of Olivier De Schutter as the UN’s Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food.
If you haven’t followed De Schutter’s work since the 2007-8 food price spikes brought renewed attention to the issues of hunger and agricultural development, he has been a clear and uncompromising voice for change. His rights-based approach has taken him well beyond the withering rise of hunger to the roots of the global crisis, linking climate change, agribusiness concentration, commodity speculation, and the ongoing debates of industrial versus agro-ecological development.
In spite of the rude shocks of the two recent price spikes and the global financial crisis, free-market fundamentalism continues to rule many multilateral institutions. World Bank President Robert Zoellick opined recently in the Financial Times that “Free Markets Can Still Feed the World.” (Still? Really? Like they’ve done so well over the years?)
Zoellick followed with the usual list of market-friendly recommendations. The first: “Increase public access to information on the quality and quantity of grain stocks.” No kidding, that’s the World Bank’s first priority for responding to the food price crisis. Guess what’s last: “Help smallholder farmers become a bigger part of the solution to food security.” Yes, helping smallholders grow more food comes last on the list, despite Zoellick’s rousing conclusion that “the G20 must now act to put food first.”
Meanwhile, De Schutter, in a Project Syndicate piece, gives us eight priorities for addressing the food crisis. Guess what’s first:
1. Support countries’ ability to feed themselves.
2. Establish food reserves.
3. Regulate financial speculation.
4. Ensure national social safety nets against declining export revenues and rising food import bills.
5. Support farmers’ organizations.
6. Protect access to land, putting a moratorium on large-scale foreign land purchases.
7. Promote the transition to sustainable agriculture.
8. Defend the human right to food.
Commodities prices continue to rise, financial speculation is still unchecked, and the robust pledges of financial support for smallholder agriculture have not been met. The beat goes on. Fortunately, so too will Olivier De Schutter as the UN’s Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food. In his announcement accepting a second UN mandate, he was clear on the challenges:
“Today, too many [governments] continue to see hunger as a problem of supply and demand, when it is primarily a problem of a lack of access to productive resources such as land and water, of unscrupulous employers and traders, of an increasingly concentrated input providers sector, and of insufficient safety nets to support the poor. Too much attention has been paid to addressing the mismatch between supply and demand on the international markets – as if global hunger were the result of physical scarcity at the aggregate level – while comparatively too little attention has been paid both to the imbalances of power in the food systems and to the failure to support the ability of small-scale farmers to feed themselves, their families, and their communities.”
For more on De Schutter’s work, see his web site: http://www.srfood.org/
Timothy A. Wise is Director of the Research and Policy Program at the Global Development and Environment Institute at Tufts University.